Q - What type of water should I use?
A - Use RO Water (Reverse Osmosis) or some form of filtered water. Yes, some plant species do well with tap water. The majority we’ve seen with the best results have used RO water.
Q - What is the optimal conditions for cloning?
A - Optimal Room Temperature: 70 degrees F (21 degrees C)
Optimal Water Temperature: 72 degrees F (22 degrees C)
Optimal PH range: 5.7 – 5.8
Q - What type of lighting should I use?
A - T5 Fluorescent Bulbs (One 6500K, the other 2500K to get a good spectrum, 8-12 inches (20-30cm) from the top of the cutting canopy).
Q- How should I clean my cloner?
A- Its always a good idea to clean the system before each klone cycle. Many of the guys here steer away from the 35% H2O2 - Worry about residue & burning of the next batch of clones if the reservoir isn't properly rinsed. We like to use a product called 'Enzyme Komplete.' This can be used during the grow cycle to keep things fresh/clean in the reservoir (smaller ratio, 4-8ml per gallon). But more importantly, should be used after or before each crop cycle (larger ratio, 8-16ml per gallon). Enzymes Komplete can be ordered directly from our website (www.turboklone.com).
Another alternative is Hydrogen Peroxide - 3% kind from the grocery store. After a cycle is complete, drain the system & fill with new water until pump completely submerged. Add 1 cup of H2O2 (3% Kind) & run for 30-45 minutes. Drain, rinse & you should be good to go. If you feel the collars need to be cleaned - fill a small bucket with half water & half H2O2 (3% kind). Using this solution - take a toothbrush & scrub the collars clean. You can also try soaking the collars in this solution as well. If necessary, use a toothpick to clean any debris in the Spray Jets. The jets can be removed from the manifold & pushed back into place after they are cleaned.
Many times, water temperatures can be manipulated by either placing the system on the ground (coolest air will be on or near the floor – this will help get cooler temps). The cooler the water – the greater % of dissolved oxygen in the water. Or, raise the system on a shelf or table to increase temps slightly. If needed, use a heating pad under the reservoir to increase temperatures even more. In extreme hot conditions, a timer might be an option. Typically, all hydroponic systems suffer in conditions warmer than 80+ degrees. The warmer the air/water, the more prone to bacteria. Always make sure the system is on a flat surface. This will keep the air from the fan circulating along the side & bottom of the system. The constant flow of air against the system will help stabilize the water temperature & give you consistency.
Optimal results always coincide with good air circulation in the grow room. Stale & stagnant air will stunt healthy root development.
Again, these suggestions are “general” in nature. We have had the best results utilizing much of the tips described above. However, some plant strains may like conditions not within this basic guideline (Example, some plants/cuttings may like warmer temps than others. Some may perform better in higher PH levels). Ultimately, some trial & error may be necessary to pin-point ‘optimal’ conditions for specific plant species.